Research Activity

For conducting research in different fields of bio-sciences and agriculture in systematic and proper manner the society has established its research wing owned house building situated at 103/42 M.L.N. Road, (Near Prayag Railway Station) having about 600 sq. m of constructed area. Organisation has completed and submitted final progress reports of 11 major DST projects, and 4 DBT projects and 2 ICAR Project which were sanctioned under the able guidance of different research scientists working with the research centre of the society for the satisfaction of Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) Govt. of India and ICAR, Min. of Agric., Govt. of India

It is matter of great pleasure and most satisfaction that Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India and NABARD and NAIP, ICAR granted following projects to the organisation :—

DST : Composite Lac & Stevia rebaudiana cultivation with value addition for livelihood security and socio economics upliftment of rural in Allahabad U.P.

NABARD, U.P.-: Establishment of lac cultivation, processing and value addition facilities in Allahabad district.

NABARD, Jharkhand:- To organise training programme of lac based value added products in khunti District

NAIP, ICAR:- A consortium partner of A value chain of lac and lac based products for domestic and export market in Khunti and Ranchi.

Bioved Research Society has established Bioved Research Institute of Agriculture & Technology (BRIAT) for performing different Research and Development (R&D) activities in different fields of Agriculture

Main Research and Development Activities of BRIAT

(1) Innovation of Soil Testing Kit : BRIAT has developed a soil testing kit at a very low cost i.e Rs. 10000-15000 for testing pH , Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Organic carbon and Organic matter within a period of 30 minutes at farmers field in the presence of farmers. Any Graduate, Post Graduate or Under Graduate can earn Rs 10-15 thousand per month after taking Soil Testing Training of one week from BRIAT. We have trained 250 unemployed youths as a resource person for working in different states i,e. U.P, M.P., Rajasthan, West Bengal, Gujarat, J&K, Jharkhand, Bihar, Haryana etc. We have trained one resource person i,e Manager of PNB farmer’s training centre situated in different states i,e. Safai, Etawa,U.P, Farmer Training Centre(FTC) Sacha Khera, (Jind) Haryana, PNB FTC, Neemrana (Alwar) Rajasthan, PNB Idgah Chauraha, Vidisha, M.P and PNB FTC, Kurukshetra. It is minimum responsibility of each trained resource person to train atleast 50-100 unemployed graduates, post graduates or interested person in a year. Most of the local trained persons collect soil from our centre and after testing they submit analysis report and collect soil testing charges from BRIAT. Thus, 10-12,000 soil samples per month are being tested by the unemployed youths.

(2)Nematode problems and their management : BRIAT has done a survey in different districts of U.P. through its established Bioved Krishak Sewa Kendra(450) in its respective places and observed that 1.08% farmers knew about the nematode problems, but 76-100% losses are existing in their fields. Nematodes are microscopic animal and can not be seen under naked eyes , therefore farmers were unaware about the nematodes problems. We organised demonstration and awakening programmes on the farmer’s fields about the nematode problems under the microscope attached with CCD camera from the infested roots and soil samples. After seeing the living nematodes in the infested root of their plants and soil, they began to adopt different Integrated Nematode Management practices. We have started training programmes to train unemployed youth for establishment of plant health clinic at Block levels and trained 450 unemployed youth for self employment. We have developed a plant protection kit for spot identification of different pest and diseases of major food crops and details about their adoptable management practices. 30-40% diseases are being controlled in this process. We do research continuously to identify suitable eco- friendly, low cost technology for their management. Thus Bioved is fully involved for plant protection research & development activities through its trained resource persons and established plant health clinic centres.

(3)Bullock Energy Based Research & Development Activities : BRIAT has demonstrated a very cheap animal driven prime mover commonly called Bullock driven gear box and Bullock driven generator under the technical guidance of Dr. B.K. Dwivedi, Director, BRIAT of Agriculture & Technology, Allahabad with co-operation of Mr. R.S. Singh, Dy. Director, Agricultural Engineering and Research Scientist of BRIAT including Mr. P. Sharma and Mr. Vivek Chaturvedi of M/S Panchal Pumps, Kanpur, Bullock operated pumping set, flour grinding, chaff cutting, cream separation, oil expelling and trying to establish compressor to fill in Gobar Gas under pressure in cylinder and electric power generating. These technologies are being demonstrated in Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki Gram Moharb situated at Ram Van Gaman Road, Bhagwatipur Chauraha, Sringverpur Allahabad. 25000 lit. of water with a head of 100-150 feet is being pumped per hour and generation of electricity is about 0.5­1.0 kw/hour. Due to less scope of utilization of bullock for ploughing is hardly 30-35 days in a year, therefore, most of the farmers’ do not want to keep the bullocks for whole year. Thus the population of bullock is decreasing day by day. In this way small & marginal farmers will be able to meet all their energy requirement, agricultural inputs such as ploughing, irrigation, manure, food grain processing, domestic fuel and for cottage industries. The bullocks will have utilization for all the days in the year. A pair of bullocks on an average would produce 4-5 kw electric energy per day. There are about 80 million bullocks in the country and thus 160-200 million units of equivalent electric energy can be produced .Taking the cost of energy @ Rs. 4 per unit,the national earning would be Rs.64-80 crore per day and thus Rs.19200-42800 crore per year .Calculation is on the basis of 300 days utilization in the year. The cost of fabricated machine, cattle power drive/device (gear box, oil filled design) is Rs.30,000 and cattle driven bore hole pump model with pipe 2.5" black will be Rs. 30,000-70,000 depending upon suction head length in meter 10-40.The designed machine is available at BRIAT, Prayag Station Road, Allahabad. 40 kg. bullock dung will be available and 1 cubic meter of Gobar gas will have about 4500 K.Cal. of energy. 860 Kg K.Cal is equivalent to 1 KW horse power and hence equivalent energy per day will be about 16.5 KW this, will sufficient to meet the domestic energy requirement for cooking and lighting of a family consisting of about 8 member. Thus the need to have LPG, fire wood, kerosene oil will be eliminated. It has been also observed that replacement will be equivalent to 1.5 liter of kerosene oil per day.

(4) Innovation & Demonstration of Scientific Method of Lac Culture Technology : BRIAT has introduced lac culture technology for the first time in Uttar Pradesh, once it was abandoned with technical collaboration of ILRI with financial assistance of ICAR and DBT Govt. of India. Scientific method of lac cultivation was started since 15th July 2003 in proper and systematic manner. 4 districts Viz. Allahabad, Chitrakoot ,Mirzapur and Sonbhadra were selected for Frontline demonstration of Scientific method of lac production. and created self confidence about the lac farming among the lac growing farmers of Uttar Pradesh. 688 farmers of Allahabad district, 332 farmers of Chitrakoot district, 291 farmers of Mirzapur district and 167 farmers of Sonbhadra district were trained about Scientific Method of Lac Cultivation. Selected villages in these areas have no any other means of livelihood related to agriculture except breaking of stone and rocks. Due to huge availability of lac host plants in these areas, lac cultivation is boon for their income and employment generation.

BRIAT has recently introduced and evaluated a short stature,fast growing(perennial shrub) lac host plant(Flemingia semialata) in the target areas and found more suitable for systematic plantation raising or integrating with agricultural crops.Flemingia semialata being one of them showed greater promise for lac production due to its fast growth,tender shoots and compact growth which may help in accomodating more number of plants per unit area of land. Within a period of one year lac cultivation is being started and minimum profit is Rs. 2-3 lakh/annum and cost of its seed is Rs. 2000-4000 per kg. Lac cultivation is simple with no involvement of high technology and investment. It is eminently suited to the farmers living in vicinity of the forest including women as it demands only their part time attention. Its cultivation provides an important additional income next only to agriculture. Soil, Forest, Environmental and Water Conservation, Income & Employment generation have been started simultaneously without any input cost.

(5) Establishment of Bioved lac processing & Ware Units : Most of farmers of the target areas began to produce lac in huge quantity. BRIAT has given security, surety and responsbility to the farmers for purchasing their produced lac. There was no any lac processing unit in and arround U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand etc. Therefore, there was highly need to establish a primary lac processing unit in Allahabad. Most of the lac processing units are situated at Jharakhand, Maharastra, West Bengal, Chhatisgarh are the capacity of processing of lac 10-15 ton one’s way and the cost of these lac processing plants are the range of 30-50 lakh and above. To solve these problems BRIAT has done a lot of efforts with IINRG, Ranchi for the innovation and development of small quantity processing plant and machinery. BRIAT has established a Bioved Lac Processing & Ware Unit at Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki Gram Mohrab, Sringverpur, Allahabad. After purchasing produced lac of the farmers’ BRIAT has processed the purchased lac for seed lac, Button lac, Shell lac, Sealing material, wax and dye etc. BRIAT has also standardised the process of production of different lac based value added products for domestic uses. About 350 value added products are preparing through providing self employment of interested family member of Allahabad, Pratapgarh, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra district. Trained members are earning minimum Rs. 3,000-10,000 per month on the basis of lac culture technology and value added lac based products formation. BRIAT has started demonstration and training programmes for preparation of different lac based value added products regularly in a proper and scientific manner. 500 farmers are being benefitted from this unit per annum. 547.3 quintal seed lac and 442.1 quintal button lac have been prepared after the processing of scraped lac(1054q), Which was collected from the 834 poorest families involved in lac cultivation. 50. resource person are being trained for primary processing of lac and they charge their remuneration @ Rs.100/Q for seed lac and Rs.1,000/Q for button lac. 1,134 women of framed SHG’s are being trained for preparation of lac based value added products (350 items). Net profit after processing the scraped lac has been increased between Rs.9,500-2,01,600 of the beneficiaries of the target areas excluding the cost of scraped lac. 156 women of 14 SHG’s are involved full time for preparation of lac based value added products and minimum additional income of each & every member is between Rs.21,200 to 48,000 per annum excluding their cost of scraped lac (Rs.40,000-1,10,000 per annum) and they are giving training to the other interested beneficiaries. Thus establishment of small scale industry has been started in the target areas.

(6) Waste and Barren land development through agro lac host plantation: Most of the farmers of the target areas were helpless to improve the fertility of the land in the ratio of their waste and barren land through the plantation of the lac host plants viz; Palas, Ber, Babool, Jungal jalebi, Peepal, Gular, Flemingia, Khair, Siris, Kusum, Galwang etc. After plantation of Flemingia semialata within one year farmers have started lac cultivation on these host plant and they are earning at least Rs. 2-3 lakh per annum.

Within a period of two years 4,63,000 lac host plants nursery has been developed by SHG’s in the target areas 3,06,700 lac host plants have been planted in 250 acre waste land of the target area. 26 SHG’s are involved in the nursery farming of lac host plants and they have deposited their saving amounts in the bank i,e 2,01,195 during this year. Some of the groups have become entitled for receiving bank loan and Govt. subsidy etc. Average income per member of SHG’s was Rs24,725 per annum.

(7) Establishment of Hitech nursery: BRIAT has established hitech nursery farming system at Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki gram- Moharb, Sringverpur, Allahabad. Green house, Poly house, drip and sprinkler system of irrigation, tissue culture lab etc have been established. Hitech nursery of hybrid papaya, nursery development of Biodiesel plants through seeds & vegetative method, Stevia, medicinal and aromatic plants, verma teak, different varieties of hybrid rose, vegetables, flowers and fruit plants are being developed and distributed among the growers for maximum growth and yields. Bioved has raised hitech nursery through SHG of Stevia plants 4.5 lakh, Jatropha-5.5 lakh, Verma teak-7.5 lakh, Lac host plants- Ber 5.0 lakh, Palas-3.5 lakh, Flemingia- 4.8 lakh, Kusum- 1.5 lakh, Galwang- 2.5 lakh, Siris- 1.5 lakh, Aonla-3.5 lakh, Mango- 1.5 lakh, Guava- 1.5 lakh, Citrus-1.0 lakh, Jack fruit- 0.5 lakh, Hybrid Papaya- 1.5 lakh, Hybrid Vegetable- Tomato, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Chilli, Shimla Mirch etc.

(8) Standardisation of Fresh water pearl culture technology . : BRIAT has standardised the process of fresh water pearl culture technology with the financial assistance of DST, New Delhi for the first time in U.P. with technical collaboration of Sr. Scientists of CIFA, Bhubaneswar. Pearls known as ‘Queen of Gems’ have been occupying a unique place due to their fascinating beauty ever since their discovery in ancient times. Pearls were considered as an exclusive privilege of royalty and through out history held presence within wealthy and powerful. A natural gem ‘Pearl’ is produced by a living organism i.e. mollusc found in marine and fresh water ecosystem unlike other precious stones and perhaps it is the only gem that does not require the treatment by lapidary. A natural pearl is formed when a foreign particle such as a piece of sand or parasite make its way into particular species of mollusc and can not be expelled. As a defense mechanism, the animal secretes a substance, known as nacre, to coat the foreign body. Layer upon layer of this coating is deposited on the irritant, resulting in a shimmering and iridescent creation of a gem. The culture pearl under go the same process of formation as that of natural pearl. Most of the farmers are doing fish farming only. They are not aware about the availability of mussels in their ponds. Two local genera of the mussels i.e. Lamellidens spp. & Parraiysia spp. are found in the ponds of different localities of Allahabad. Among the 12 species of these genera three most common species i.e. L. marginalis, L. corrianus and P. corrugata are found in and around Allahabad in huge quantity. BRIAT has also identified market linkages for the sale of designed fresh water pearl at larger scale. Thus there will be no problems for marketing of produced design pearls by the farmers. BRIAT will take cent-per cent security, surety and accountability for the marketing of produced pearls of the farmers at the minimum price @ Rs. 50-100 per designed pearl. China and Japan farmers have taken lead for much more production of fresh water pearl but no much more efforts have been done for production of fresh water pearl in India at larger scale on existing farmers’ ponds levels.Thus demonstration after training of fresh water pearl culture technology at farmers’ pond is boon for upliftment of poor masses not only U.P. but in other state also It is very cheap, economically feasible, eco-friendly, socially acceptable and easily available for increasing income and self-employment and socio-economic development of poor masses.

(9) Standardisation of the process of mass culture of spirulina . : BRIAT has standardized the process of Spirulina cultivation at grass root level under the technical guidance of Dr. B. K. Dwivedi, Director, BRIAT. Spirulina is unique among blue green algae and identified as super, complete and balanced food. Spirulina belongs to the plant food group. Its blue-green colour comes from two pigments, phycocyanin and chlorophyll. These tiny spiral coils thrive in a high-alkaline medium and harvests the energy of the sun to supply a treasure of bio­available nutrients beneficial to the human body. Spirulina is often described as a Super food, as it contains the most remarkable concentration of nutrients known in any food, plant grain or herb. It is the highest protein food-contains over 60% of digestible vegetable protein. It also has the highest concentration of Beta-Carotene, Vitamin B12 ‘ Iron, Trace elements and the rare Essential Fatty Acid-GLA. These make Spirulina a great whole food and effective alternative to isolated Vitamins and Minerals.

Mass culture of Spirulina under the able guidance of Dr. B.K. Dwivedi has pointed out that Spirulina is the best natural food for tomorrow. It is as an excellent, nutritional supplement, therefore, the Spirulina cultivation should be promoted in proper and systematic manner at each Nyay Panchayat level so that any poorest, orphan, resourceless and landless and helpless can improve the health of their family members including income and employment generation. Any one can start Spirulina cultivation after getting training and obtaining mother culture of Spirulina. To improve the health of common people, children and poorest Women against malnutritions, Spirulina cultivation will be boon as a super food for all the peoples. Income of 76% population of women are based on daily wages. 74-80% women of SC/ST and economically poor women are suffering from different diseases due to anaemia, blood pressure, asthma, tumour, cancer, gastic problems, body pains, irregular menstruation, heart and kidney problems. The reasons behind these problems are identified as unbalanced nutrients, bad quality of water and unavailability of sufficient oxygen. As we know that human body is made of 60 trillion cells and our red blood cells under go the process of natural metabolism every.120, days and a healthy body is made up of healthy cells which contribute to a strong immune system to keep diseases at bay. 30 tablets (15g) of Spirulina contains Betacarotene (Pro-vitamin. A) - 12 mg; B1 and B2 0.24mg; B3 1.02; B6-43.2 µg; B12- 7.2 µg and E-0.72mg. For obtaining these quantity of mentioned vitamins from other sources there will be a requirement of 35 Bottles of cow’s milk or 550 apples, 16 sardines, or 20 green chillis; 47 straw berries or 420 grapes; 8 lemons; 90 g of bread or 4 stalks of asparagus; 4 Eels or 240 g cheese and 5 pieces of chicken. Essential fatty acids, linolenic acid and gamma linolenic acid percentage of Spirulina are 44.6%, 21.7% and 22.9%as compared to mother’s milk (16.7%, 15.1% and 1.6%) and cow’s milk (1.3%; 1.3% and little) respectively. The cuItivation of natural balanced and complete super health food i.e. Spirulina is boon for improvement of better health of poor men, women and children and it is helpful for increasing income and employment of rural poor masses of society. Keeping this view in mind, demonstration and training programme for Spirulina cultivation for socio-economic development and health improvement of economically weak and land less poor women of Allahabad district has been started.

(10) Research and Development activities for mass production, commercialisation and utilisation of some important medicinal plants cultivation through processing of value addition of end products : BRCC has established 400 Bioved Krishak Sewa Kendra in eastern U.P. and providing practical demonstration of modern frontier technologies for the upliftment of poor masses at grass root levels. BRIAT takes 100% security, surety and accountability of the farmers for obtaining a minimum income from their farming under its technical guidance. Recently it has started the practical demonstration of improved technology for cultivation of medicinal plants (Kalmegh, Mentha, Safed Musali, Lemon grass, Pamarosa, Citronella, Tulsi, Safed Musali, Kalihri, Satawar, Ashwagandha, Sarpgandha, Ghrit Kumari, Brahmi, Amla, Bail, Kalihari, Tulsi, Ashok, Mokoy and Ashwagandha) through its established Bioved Krishak Sewa Kendra. Due to lack of any processing unit of value addition of end products, most of the farmers are not taking interest for mass production of medicinal plants. Therefore, it wants to establish processing unit at Allahabad for providing maximum benefit to medicinal plants growers of eastern U.P. In eastern U.P. most of the farmers are growing some important medicinal plants due to its wider use in perfumery, cosmetics and medicines.

Stevia Cultivation : BRCC has started growing of Stevia rebaudiana at its Sringverpur Research Farm. Stevia is being propagated both by grafted meterial and tissue culture . Plants are developed by tissue culture method in sophisticated laboratory. At this centre, stevia is being propagated at large scale and a training programme on technological knowledge is also being provided to interested people of adjoining area of Allahabad. BRIAT has developed three varieties of stevia plants named as BRI 123, BRI 512, BRI 128. These varieties are climate resistant, diseases resistant and very suitable for maximum production in the prevailing situations of different district of U.P. 5-6 ton dry leaves of stevia are being produced by the farmers under the technical guidance of BRIAT. It has developed a business plan and different value addition products of stevia for obtaining maximum benefit to the beneficiaries as well as consumers.

(11)Demonstration of new germ plasm for biodiesel production : BRIAT has developed a new germ plasm of Jatropha curcas variety for maximum production of seed and oil and propagated 30,000 plants in its Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki Gram for demonstration and further propagation through seed and vegetative method. It is standardising the process of oil extraction plant Jatropha curcas seed in a proper and systematic method for obtaining maximum profit from the Jatropha cultivation. Most of the waste and baren land has been utilized by the cultivation of Jatropha curcas variety in and around Allahabad district.

(12)Research & Development Programme for Mushroom Cultivation : BRIAT has standardrised the process of button mushroom for promotion of scientific method of mushroom cultivation in the existing climatic situation of different districts of U.P. by preparing compost bag with the help of available raw material of wheat, straw and rice bran and other availalbe material. It has also standardised a process of mushroom cultivation. Developed technology are being demonstrated in the Bioved Research farm for under adoption of farmers’. BRIAT has also developed federation of mushroom cultivation for marketing of their produced mushroom for obtaining maximum benefit of their produce.

(13) Research and Development activities for Bee keeping and post harvest technology for honey processing : BRIAT has standardized the process of Scientific method of honey bee keeping and developed processing plants produced honey for commercial use and quality for export. BRIAT has prepared 150 bee keeping box and distributed in 50 different places for demonstration and production of honey by developed scientific method of lac cultivation in different areas it has provided suitable environment for honey production.

(14). Demonstration of Biocontrol Agents under farmer's field for eco-friendly integrated management of root-knot nematode of vegetable crops in eastern U.P.- The effect of this project is very considerable. This project has imparted really sustainable method to overcome the nematode problem as well as to increase the yield of vegetable crops. Very important effect shown during the project that it empowered the farmers with knowledge and management tools to suppress nematode caused damage and thereby enhanced the productivity and sustainable of the vegetable based cropping system. Organisation of Audio/ Video programme for the management of root knot nematode was very helpful for other affected farmers of the target areas. Farmers were unable to see the nematode problems in the infested roots and soil because nematode is microscopic tiny organism can not be seen under the naked eyes while the 70-80% fields of farmers were found affected due to nematodes problem. In this way farmers of the target areas were totally unaware about the problems and its management. 50% disease has been controlled only for organising awakening programmes among the farmers.

7 species of wilt causing fungus viz. Fusarium oxysporum, F. saloni, F. accuminatum, F. semitectum, F. equiseti, F. moniliforme andF. fusarioides were identified in and around Allahabad district, NSP, Trichoderma viridi, A. niger and Bionema were found effective for reducing the nematode infestation. The cropping pattern vizTomato-Potato-Garlic; Tomato- Brinjal- Onion; Brinjal-Okra-Garlic; Brinjal-Onion-Fallow ; Okra-Brinjal-Okra; Potato-Garlic-Fallow reduces the nematode problems at farmers’ field conditions. Incorporation of wheat a non host and garlic, onion, radish or mustard as antagonistic crops in tomato, brinjal and okra based cropping system may be recommended for reducing the nematode infestation at farmers field. Keeping field fallow in between the cropping system has reduced the nematode infestation. Bioderma and Bionema (Extraction of different plants part extract) and mass production of antagonistic fungus i.e. T. viride and A. niger showed very effective management of nematodes diseases

(15). Management of Post harvest diseases of guava by bioactive compounds from natural plant resources- Botanical based 8 plant parts extracts Murraya koenigii Leaf; Eucalyptus globulus Leaf; Eucalyptus globulus Fruit; Camellia sinensis Leaf; Murus alba Leaf; Ocimum sanctum Leaf; Madhuca indica Fruit; Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf were produced on large scale and were distributed among grower to control their fruits from infection before storage or transportation. Biopacunil has also been introduced as a biopesticide in management of fruit fly. Micro-organism based 8 yeast antagonistic fungi (Saccharomyces cervisiae stain 1 (gur): Saccharomyces cervisiae stain 2 (guava): Saccharomyces cervisiae stain 3 (pomegranate): Saccharomyces cervisiae stain 1 (sugarcane): Candida oleophila (Apple): Saccharomyces ludwigii (papaya): Schizosaccharomyces octosporus (orange): Saccharomyces diasticus (pineapple)) were identified from different fruits and edible materials, found to be very effective in control of guava from soft-rot and anthracnose disease causing fungal pathogens.

(16) Establishment of Biocontrol Laboratory for Strenthening & Modernization of Pest Management Approach in India: BRIAT has established a Biocontrol laboratory at Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki Gram- Mohrab, Sringverpur, Allahabad for Mass Production of Trichoderma, Kalisena and Pseudomonas fluorescens, Mass production and formulation of Steinernema masoodi S. seemae, Mass production, storage and field release of egg parasitoides, Trichogramma and Mass production of Ha NPV,

(17) Bio Resources materials Based value added Entrepreneurship for Women empowerment in Allahabad District : BRIAT has established a Bio Resources materials Management Unit and Demonstration-Cum-Training Centre for increasing additional income and self employment of women with the objectives viz To establish Bio Resource Management Unit for Women empowerment: to train the Bio Resources beneficiaries in handling the unit for preparation of value added Bio Resources materials based products.: to establish a sustainable market linkage for marketing of produced Bio Resources based materials of the beneficiaries: to increase the income and self employment among the landless, resourceless, poorest families of the target areas and to asses the impact of the programme for socio-economic development of poor masses and Bioresources management.

(18) Women empowerment through ornamental fish breeding and culture for commercial mass production in U.P.: BRIAT has established ornamental fish breeding and culture centre for mass production marketing and porviding all the scientific know how for self employment and income generation and to estblish a small scale industry. We have identified and standardized the process of breeding and culture of 10 species of ornamental fishes with technical collaboration of the scientists working at CIFRI, Allahabad, CIFA, Bhubaneswar and CIFE, Mumbai. BRCC is doing breeding and culture of ornamental fishes with its own limited resources without any financial support from Govt. Present demand of ornamental fishes in Allahabad Mandal (Allahabad, Fatehpur and Kausambi) is existing of rupees approximately 20 lacs per annum because most of the sellers purchase ornamental fishes from West Bengal and sell in and around Allahabad district. 40-50% mortality is occurred during the supply of ornamental fishes from W.B. to Allahabad and 20-30% mortality is occurred after stocking fishes in aquarium. There is no any centre for breeding and culture of ornamental fishes is existing in U.P. Therefore it is boon for landless poor people and small farmers of U.P. for providing self employment through breeding and culture of ornamental fishes. 70-80% women’s of the eastern U.P. are involved in agriculture farming. These poorest women have no purchasing power, to adopt any recent advanced technology at their own ends.

(19) Establishment of Modern Poultry farming system: BRIAT has established modern poultry farming system at Bioved Krishi Prodyogiki Gram- Mohrab, Sringverpur, Allahabad. 12000 broiler are being produced per month for creating self confidence among the poultry farmers. BRIAT provides all the feed backs i,e high yielding varieties of chicks, nutritious feed, medicines and made good arrangement of marketing etc, Established poultry farm, which is being managed by SHGs and also provide consultancy to the poorest farmers of the target areas. 56 Bioved SHGs are involved in the poultry farming system. Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of Indian agriculture and is now recognized as an organized and science based industry with tremendous potential to fight poverty, unemployment and malnutrition. Indian poultry sector worth Rs 400 billion accounts for about 0.6 % of India’s GDP and 10 % of the GDP attributable to livestock sector. Poultry industry in India has a strong standing globally, being third highest egg producer and fifth highest broiler producer. Nearly 5 million people are directly or indirectly engaged in poultry sector, apart from numerous small poultry keepers in rural and tribal areas. Over the last three decades there has been a phenomenal growth in the Indian poultry industry. Largely, Indian poultry industry is chicken dominated and the rearing of high yielding varieties under intensive rearing system is the back bone of its present face. Poultry industry has developed very fast due to the availability of genetically superior hybrid chicks to the farmers. Nearly 5 million people are directly or indirectly engaged in poultry sector, apart from huge number of small poultry keepers in rural areas.

(20) Demonstration and Training Programmes for Eco-friendly and Sustainable Integrated Management of Major Insect Pests and Diseases of Potato Crop linked with income and self-employment generation: The potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) has come as an ubiquitous crop in India. Both in area and production U.P. comes at top so for as potato production is concerned within the country. This valuable crop is damaged by several pests viz. cutworms (Agrotis spp.) aphids (mainly Myzus persicae, Aphis gossypii, Aphis fabae and Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis), potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella), white grubs (Lachnosterna longipennis and L. coracea), different species of leaf eating caterpillars, mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus), nematodes (Meloidogyne spp. and Globodera spp.) and diseases like late blight, early blight and leaf spots, black scurf and stem canker, wart, dry rot, bacterial wilt and brown rot, soft rot, common scab, leaf roll and mosaic. Of these, potato cut worms, aphids (as vector of viral diseases) leaf eating caterpillars, mite and nematodes among pests and late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans, dry rot caused by Fusarium spp., potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) and potato virus Y (PVY) transmitted by aphid vectors among above referred diseases need special attention. Out of total 83,497 ha. agricultural land 46,647 ha. is used for the potato growing purpose. The total production of potato is 26,78,777 qt./yr and the total income is 2.14 crore/yr. Around 85767 farmers are growing potato from these selected blocks. To initiate this project on identifying important pests and diseases, their status and actual losses caused to potato crops being grown for tuber and seed purposes. Further, different management components already available in the literature also need properly evaluated under this project for their efficacy/workability so that potential one could wisely be integrated while evolving economically effective, eco-friendly and viable integrated management program against key pests and diseases for minimizing the losses caused by them and obtaining bumper crop of quality potatoes. Demonstration of effective integrated management programs prepared and has undertaken through on farm trials at 42 farmers field in different localities so that the farming community can be thoroughly convinced. Awakening and training programs for unemployed educated youth, extension worker, progressive farmers are being arranged under this project so that the trained personals could disseminate the acquired knowledge among the larger groups of farming community at reasonable charges

(21) Integrated fish-duck-poultry-pearl-lac-Jatropha and other hitech nursery farming: BRIAT has developed a model of Integrated fish farming in 1 ha land pond area for creating self confidence among, so that any farmer can earn at least Rs. 5000-6000 per month in the investment of Rs. 25000 only and after one year total minimum income will be Rs. 2-3 lakh and 56 fish farmers have adopted this model and they are getting profit according.

(22)Establishment of Modern Dairy farm for clean & quality milk production and Breed up gradation: BRIAT has established a modern dairy farm of 450 lt. milk production and local breed up grading programme is running with the cross of high yielding breeds. Milk is a highly nutritious and easily perishable farm produce. The major factors that affect the raw milk quality are the bacterial growth and the enzymes produced by these bacteria during their growth period. Fresh milk from a healthy milch animal is practically free from bacteria. However, it starts getting infected as soon as it leaves the udder of the animal. Despite all possible manual precautions, it is improbable to keep the milk free from bacterial infection. Moreover, milk is an excellent medium for growth of bacteria as it contains all the nutrients required for their propagation. Increase in temperature above 250C would boost bacterial population and damage milk components like acidity and, gives off flavour. Moreover, the enzymes produced will destroy basic components and results in low recovery of products like paneer, cheese, casein etc. and other’deficiencies in the manufactured products. Milk leaves the udder at a temperature around 37oC. Soon after that bacteria get into the milk through various sources . They multiply and double in number within 20-40 min. at room temperature. Approximately three thousand increase is recorded in bacterial population at 25oC. On farm cooling has improved milk quality. Installation of milk cooling machines and bulk coolers at village level will help the farmers at large, therefore, reducing the drudgery of transportation. Parag Dairy (Dugdh Utpadak Sahakari Sangh Ltd.), Allahabad has pointed out in its progress report of 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 that 25,00,000-30,00,000 Its. milk became sour/bitter and rancid due to delay in transportation of milk from dairy to marketing places. Thus, the cost of waste milk is approximately Rs. 4.5 crore per annum. Keeping this view in mind, BRIAT has to established Modern Dairy Farming System at Allahabad

(23) Indian Agricultural Scientist & Farmers’ Congress: India enjoys comparative advantage in agriculture and allied activities. The contribution of agricultural scientists has been very important in raising the production and productivity of agricultural and allied activities. Agricultural production is increasing even though the net cropped area is constant. The farmers have become increasingly science and technology conscious. The success of technological breakthrough is area specific as well as crop specific. It requires very high and increasing dose of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Some other emerging problems in agricultural sectors such as soil degradation, environmental pollution, food security, non-sustainable agricultural practices, trade related reforms, depletion of ground water level, lack of non-farm employment etc. are creating new challenges before the scientists and policy makers. Now agriculture has become high risk and high cost business. As the result the profitability of agriculture is declining. It is also clear that at various place the farmers are facing the problem of deficit and a large number of farmers are intending to leave the farming. Suicide by the farmers, the backbone of agriculture, is a matter of serious concern. Increasing area under non-food crops is creating new challenge for food security. Opening of agricultural market is creating another challenge to the agricultural sector because of unfair competition from subsidised imports from developed countries, production of ethanol from food products and impact of climate change on food security are new threats to the gross food production of the world. In this background BRIAT is organising Agricultural Scientists & Farmers Congress since 1999 regularly in the month of January-February of each year. Congress was also organised under the auspices of BRIAT & BHU, Varanasi. CCS University, Meerut. SVBP University of Agriculture & Technology, Modipuram, Meerut, MGCG Viswavidyalaya, Satna, M.P., Iswar Saran Degree College(University of Allahabad) and U.P. Rajarshi Tandon Open University, Allahabad with the central themes- Recent advances, issues and priorities in different disciplines of Agricultural Sciences i.e. Crop Production and Protection, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Technology, Fisheries, Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Agricultural Engineering, Information Technology, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Nutrition Management, Seed Technology, Horticulture, Lac, Seri and Apiculture, Pearl and Mashroom farming, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants cultivation, Technology for Rural Development, Land, Water, Forest and Cow conservation, Utilization of Solar, Wind and Bullock Energy and Environment Sciences etc. Specific problems of the farmers and their management are being done through KISAN ADALAT. Display of recent technologies in different disciplines of agricultural sciences through video film, booklet, posters, charts and other devices are being made.

(24) Environmental Conservation through organizing mass awakening pragramme: BRIAT in Collaboration with the different Institute/ Organisation/ Inter College/ P.G. College organises an environment rally and mass awakening program regularly. To give a stable structure to the environment conservation program, a competition is being organised “WHO WILL BE THE ENVIRONMENT AMBASSADOR” and the criteria for selection was posters/cartoons/slogans/debate/ essay writing for environment conservation. In this way in each village/college an environment ambassador with its seven members as environment counsellors is being selected. Hence, there is a team framed of eight members that would work for the whole year in the selected villages and colleges for environment conservation program. Each year the selection of environment ambassador will be on the basis of his work on environment conservation. Principals and teachers of the colleges try to make children and village people focus towards the small activities that would lead to environment conservation which are:
1- Instead the use of bulbs and tube’ lights, the use of CFLS can save 4 times power and increase the stability by 8 times and it also saves the expenditure on it.
2- In India if the range of refrigerator and A.C are kept 1 -5 Stars, there is a save of 2 - 10% of power.
3- If you use laptop in the place of desktop computer, then there is 5 times Iess consumption of electricity, with the use of quality computers and the computers of more speed there is save of 5 - 10 % of electricity.
4- Instead of using cars if you use public transportation or travel in a group. or use CNG and LPG gases to travel 5 km distance then we can prevent the outgoing of 1.5 kg carbon dioxide to the environment.
5- By using radian tyre in the vehicles we can save 3 - 7 % of expenditure on fuels.
6- If there is optimum level of air in the tyre then there is a save of one liter petrol and we can prevent outgoing of 2.5 kg of carbon dioxide to the environment.
7 - One tree absorbs one tonne carbon dioxide. The Plantation should be encouraged .
8- If you are not using television, computer, stereo, bulbs, then switch off them, by which we can save many thousand kg of carbon dioxide.
9- Your co- operation in this regards will be boon for Natural Resources Conservation ; Live locally, think Globally;